You may have been trying to figure out how to draw a fish and feel a
little puzzled. Generally, fish really looks very simple, yet many
people experience some difficulties while drawing a fish.
It also depends what kind of fish you want to draw. It is totally different to draw a shark or common carp than drawing a tropical fish.
If you are still unsure, I would recommend to play first with simple cartoon fish drawing because there you are free to create any shape or even new species.
Yet almost every fish as we all perceive it has a long spindle-shaped body (fuselage), usually covered by scales and, has a couple of fins.
The first example, is a very simple and easy fish drawing, almost cartoon-like, which you can finish in less 2 minutes.
If you learn and memorize this simple example you can make a quick sketches or illustrations into your memos or draw such fish on the postcard. In any case this is a good exercise to learn how to draw a fish from a scratch.
Draw two slightly curved lines intersecting near the end, as you see on the picture. Follow the arrows and the drawing will be easier. Now, body of the fish is almost ready.
Connect the first two lines on the tail and draw a half circle, which will be the gill opening.
Add the fins as you see on the picture. You can play with the shape and size as you wish. Make some on a separate paper also, because such exercise will greatly contribute to your fish drawings. Do not forget to draw the mouth and the eye!
Hold your pencil tilted and shade the body gently and gradually. Notice that the fish is always darker on the top and the belly is of very light color. Make some pencil strokes on every fin so that the fins will look more like fins. Please keep the direction of the strokes as seen on the picture.
You can slightly mark the scales on the body of the fish by gentle crossing pencil strokes.
Good, now you know the basic technique of how to draw a fish - a simple one.
The second example is a little more realistic and may take a
little more time to finish than the previous one, but it is definitely
worth of trying.
To learn and memorize this way of drawing may come handy when you would like to draw a fish from a photo or maybe a real one.
First, enlarge the above image (print out if necessary) and observe it for a while.
This initial sketch resembles to a kind of deformed banana. If you
observed well enough the previous drawing, you’ll notice that it is the
outline of the fish, the contours of the fish.
In order to capture the outline as exact as possible I would recommend holding the pencil tilted and, as close as possible to the graphite.
You will feel more confidence and your first pencil strokes will be very accurate. Notice that the top back of the fish is rather flat and the belly is round.
Draw the fins, the mouth and the gill opening. Do it still with tilted pencil if possible.
Now, you can gradually start erasing the excess pencil lines. Since the
initial lines were drawn wider it is easier and less painful to match
the real shape and body proportion of the fish.
Draw the eye, only a weak single circle. Do it by very weak pencil line. Remember; when you draw a fish it is important where you position the eyes.
Draw a line on the upper third of the fish’s body. This line is a part of the pattern of this fish’s back.
You can now complete the eye. Mark out the slits in lower part of the gills and specify shape of the mouth with short teeth.
It is time to shade the body. Use tilted hold of the pencil so that the
shading lines will be wider and seamless, at least in the beginning. You
can make additional pencil strokes later.
When you draw a fish the point is to shade the body properly and make it more 3-dimensional.
Draw straight pencil strokes across the length of every fin. Before doing so, observe the ready picture again. Every detail counts!
Blackish dots in upper part are the most important in the pattern on
fish’s back. Notice that these dots literally determine the outlook of
the fish. Line up the dots in about 3 rows.
By weak and quick pencil cross strokes mark out the scales on the body.
Put some final touch on the fins and erase excess lines. Finish the shading, add more where you feel necessary and your fish drawing is ready.