How To Draw A Penguin


How to draw a penguin looks so easy, doesn’t it? Yes, it is easy and almost effortless to draw and, we’ll soon see why.

For me, penguin means a cute, black & white walking bird.

The shape of a penguin’s body is very simple indeed.

Instead for walking penguin was probably created for swimming because penguin is an excellent super fast swimmer and diver.

It took me a while till I picked a “perfect penguin” that would be easy to draw in few simple steps. As you may already know there are about 17 species of penguins.

My advice is, first, learn how to draw a penguin here, learn the basic steps and procedure and then go and pick your favorite among other species and draw it.

As a drawing example and exercise I picked the Gentoo Penguin, because I think it is very easy to draw and shade.



Let’s observe the body language of this penguin for a moment. It will help you to draw it better and easier.

Notice the signs of this body language while you learn how to draw a penguin.

What does he do? Where is the penguin looking or staring? It seems that he just spotted something on the side or it may be that he observes an object or a situation.

Body of the penguin is slightly leaned to the side.

Can you see that? It looks like as penguin would begin to walk there in the next moment.

Very helpful method when you draw an animal is to draw it with/by circles and ellipses.

I think this method especially fits when you want to learn how to draw a penguin because of its round body shape.

It is nearly impossible to make a mistake here. Simply adjust the shape of a penguin to the circles. Yes, it is that simple.



Let's Draw A Penguin

The penguin we are about to draw has its head turned upward on the side. So the beak is visible in its entire length and thus it is easy to draw.

Draw two ellipses, something similar as if you were drawing a snowman. See that the ellipses I drew are consisting of many lines crossing each other.

It is not necessary to draw a perfect ellipse in the beginning. Relax and gently draw as many lines as you consider necessary. We’ll erase them in following steps.

Now, mark the wings of a penguin by simple one line, just make a rough sketch of a wing as you see on the picture.

On the bird’s head draw a weak line representing the center of the beak. This is the direction where the penguin has its head turned to.

Large ellipse on the body and small circle are the basis that serves us to get an idea about the total size of a penguin.

You can now make joints – draw a neck between the head circle and the body. Just observe the drawing and do it as I did.

Click on the image to enlarge, so that you can see clearly how the drawing progresses.

Draw weak lines marking the border between black head and white belly. Also, there is a white spot around the eye expanding towards the top of the head.

If you encounter some difficulties or find a bit difficult to observe the black and white picture, click on the direct link above Gentoo Penguin, it will take you to Wikipedia to see the color photo.

The beak is also two-colored. In our drawing, it is only black and grey but this must be visible in order to make the penguin drawing look more realistic.

The fun of drawing penguin by pencil is that it doesn’t require any difficult shading

OK, now you have erased unnecessary lines from the initial ellipses and you have a nicely shaped body of a penguin.

Draw the wings on both sides. Penguin is a swimmer and therefore the wings resemble rather to fins. They quite resemble to a perfectly shaped shark’s pectoral fin.

Start to shade the head by short pencil strokes. Make the lighter tone first, a darker grey. See how rough strokes I make. The only point is the strokes should be directed from the top of the head along the neck. Click on the image to enlarge to see the strokes close up.

When you draw a penguin’s eyes make a tiny little white spot as the light reflection so that the eye looks alive and sharp.

There are some white spots on the wings (fins) too, these should be marked there too.

OK, let’s make some final adjustments. There is a shade on the belly under the wing, can you see that? And do not forget the tail!

It is somehow hidden but for the penguin tail means a lot because penguins use the tail as a kind of supporter, a third leg while they standing or sitting.

Notice the very weak shades on the belly, right above the legs area and on the side under the neck. Carefully and gently shade these parts.

Be easy with the pencil because the belly is white.

Well, there you go. I think you have now learned how to draw a penguin. Was it easier than you imagined? Of course it was. I am sure you did a very good job!

Did You Enjoy Drawing Penguin?

Check Out Also These Animal Drawing Tutorials:

Learn How To Draw People, Hands, Eyes, Faces And A Whole Lot More

Click here to learn more
  1. Home
  2. How To Draw Animals
  3. Draw A Penguin
Click here to learn more

What's New

  1. Charcoal eagle

    Jan 16, 20 04:53 PM

    Charcoal eagle on black paper done a few months ago

    see the drawings

  2. The Surgeon

    Jan 16, 20 04:50 PM

    I am a nurse and there is this surgeon who is very handsome in my opinion even though he is much older than me. So I decided to draw him...You may not

    see the drawings

  3. My drawing

    Jan 16, 20 04:37 PM

    I am a big fan of one piece and wanted to make a sketch of whitebeard so i tried and this is the result

    see the drawings

  4. GTO(Great Teacher Onizuka)

    Jan 16, 20 04:36 PM

    Great Teacher Onizuka!!! Previously a Yankee, But has great desire and passion to become a teacher(Sensei), It's a must watch Anime.

    see the drawings

  5. Cel animation screenshot from "Crystal Jewels"

    Jan 16, 20 04:32 PM

    Does this look like that it was done by cel animation? I've been working on animation cels like this for the Crystal Jewels series. If you want more, you

    see the drawings

  6. My unicorn colouring “edit”

    Jan 16, 20 04:31 PM

    I edited a unicorn colouring on my iPod mates hope you like Frankenstein because I turned my unicorn into a Frankenstein I didn’t colour the horn in because

    see the drawings

  7. Imaginary art

    Jan 14, 20 08:03 PM

    Done with ballpoint pen then watercolor added

    see the drawings

  8. Elvis Presley Drawing No 30

    Jan 13, 20 08:49 PM

    I've tried using more colour with this one

    see the drawings

  9. Spencerian without thickness

    Jan 13, 20 08:31 PM

    Spencerian without thickness in alphabets is still elegant.

    see the drawings

  10. Different from normal spencerian.

    Jan 13, 20 08:26 PM

    Its different from normal spencerian style. As you will remark hand writing is shorter in length and thickness is in all alphabets. While in normal spencerian

    see the drawings

  11. My first 2D anime girl drawing

    Jan 13, 20 08:12 PM

    Peace

    see the drawings

  12. Imaginary art

    Jan 13, 20 07:40 PM

    Done with ballpoint pen then colored with watercolor. Am giving both version: before coloration and after coloration.

    see the drawings

  13. Imaginary art with watercolor

    Jan 09, 20 01:27 AM

    I shared my imaginary art I made with ballpoint pens and gel ink pens. So here is my first imaginary art made with watercolor, that am sharing.

    see the drawings

  14. Imaginary art with ballpens.

    Jan 09, 20 01:25 AM

    In a brutal world full of corruption and fraud, sometimes its good to live in our own imagination where there is no violence. So here is an imaginary

    see the drawings

  15. Semi imaginary art

    Jan 09, 20 01:21 AM

    With ballpoint pens Nataraj

    see the drawings